Tuesday, May 26, 2020

The Benefits of Peer Review For the APA Research Paper

The Benefits of Peer Review For the APA Research PaperThe APA (American Psychological Association) has a long history of taking pride in the quality of its psychological research papers. As one can gather from the history of the APA, its standards are based on the idea that psychological research should be able to withstand scrutiny by the readers of the journal.We should take this attitude with us when examining this year's APA research paper. After all, the psychological research that gets published into the journal goes through the same process of peer review as does any other research published in medical journals. In the case of the APA, the reviewers are essentially psychologists, and the reason for this is because of the content of the research papers. Because psychology is a natural science and not a branch of medicine, psychology papers are made available to the public without the usual disclaimers or pressure to follow up their results with randomized controlled trials.This is a change from just a few years ago, when it was common for APA journal editors to ask the authors of the studies to submit only what they said they had done, and no further information on how their results were to be interpreted. In fact, there were certain journals which were more likely to publish results which agreed with the author's views. This was bad for all sides, because it left research open to criticism of the standards being applied.As the years have passed, the change has been towards openness, and open discussion between the author and other psychologists who are not using the same methodology. In these days, it seems that the APA research paper has become more collaborative, with all the participants working together to come up with the best possible conclusion. So it stands to reason that the APA research paper published in this year's Journal of Clinical Psychology will be more open to scrutiny than in the past.However, one needs to look at this as a reflection of the recent changes to the APA. When this year's paper was first completed, the guidelines had changed and were not conducive to the kind of changes that have taken place in the last few years. It is therefore fair to say that the popularity of the APA has gone down in recent years, but perhaps this is not the right perspective to look at it from.To see the trend, it is important to look at the characteristics of the journal that has this year's APA research paper. One of the things that sets this journal apart from other psychological journals is the focus on fact-based and randomized controlled trials. These are the methods used in all kinds of research, and are the basis of the fact-based reporting that is required by the scientific community. All research papers must make clear where the details of their results come from, and they need to report exactly how they came to those conclusions.In the case of the APA paper, it seems that the research team was asked to go through the research again before publication. This practice, where the research team is expected to give full accounts of their findings, is a sign of the importance given to ensuring that the researchers follow their procedures. This means that the research paper published in this year's Journal of Clinical Psychology will be more rigorous, and that will be the real indication of how well the research has been conducted.

Tuesday, May 19, 2020

Africa The Unknown Continent - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 4 Words: 1111 Downloads: 1 Date added: 2017/09/24 Category Advertising Essay Type Argumentative essay Tags: Africa Essay Did you like this example? Trice Riddle Mrs. Jennifer Sikes English 1020 11 February 2009 The Unknown Continent Many people know about it and have seen it on maps before but they still do not pay attention to detail or really care. People still say today that it is a country but it is a continent made up of countries. Many people describe it as the â€Å"dark continent† because it has not developed enough to be like an Asia or the Americas. Its hard to really discover what Africa is and how to define it. The land is rich and the people are full of life. Africa to many is just a land of desert and is impossible to live in because of the harsh climate. The people of Africa may be struggling its hard to tell on their faces when you visit. They are all smiles and take everyday of life to its fullest. What people do not know is that Africa is one of the most richest in resources. Its hard to find and discover them because they do not have the equipment. Africa to me could be United States of Ameri ca when they find the right tools and discover the natural resources they have. When I hear the word Africa I think of Egypt, deserts, and the Nile River. Also, South Africa has a couple of really famous golfers that play and dominate the PGA Tour in the United States. Africa needs to have a since of pride from their history and move forward to be a known continent. I want to discover what Africa is and finally put a name to it where people can see that it is a beautiful, strong continent. The history of Africa is priceless. The history is so amazing its hard to tell people about. The African tribes had to rely on each other in order to survive. One of the earliest languages was founded by African tribes. The villagers would communicate by making a clicking sound with their tongues. Even though it has no words, the different sounds and lengths of the pitch was used to understand each other. They still do this today but it is rare. They have found one of the earliest human life forms in history. Since some of the land of Africa was undiscovered, rulers would send out explorers to find some of this land and claim it. Most of the land was claimed by European countries since they were the most powerful at the time. If there was any conflict between land it resulted in fighting. If there were tribes in the way, they would raid them and probably use them as slaves. Many European rulers sent ships to Africa for the slave trade. Slaves were put the bottom of the ship and would fit as many of the slaves as possible. Over 1,600 ships and over 150,000 slaves were boarded to European countries. Many of the slaves had houses to live in, but the other working slaves lived there and they all used and shared the same things. Some slaves were treated bad. They were not fed well and didn’t have houses to sleep in. This all ended in the mid 1800s when most of the African empires signed a treaty. Because of the end of slavery, empires were unable to adapt and some even caused civil wars. Some of these countries are affected from these civil wars that happened about 150 years ago. Africa’s rich history makes it unique and one of the most interesting continents on earth. The only history people knew about is from the great country of Egypt. A country of pharos and great Egyptian Kings like the most famous one, King Tut. In the ancient time of Egypt, it was one of the greatest countries on earth. It had advances that people today still wonder how it was built. The most amazing architect of this time was the Great Pyramid of Giza, one of the seven ancient wonders of the world. The only ancient wonder to exist. I think that if you could go visit one place with rich history that Egypt would be the place. Running through the middle of Egypt is the worlds longest river, the Nile River. Most of Egypt’s cities are built around it for water and nutrients. Everything there is so exciting and rich that you could stay there a year and still learn about the Egyptian culture. The land of Africa is considered rich but it has one of the worlds largest deserts. Africa is not technologically developed so finding these resources is next to impossible. This poor country suffers from food, diseases, and the lack of people to care for it like they do for other countries. We see all these little kids and families on television that are anorexic and have very little clothes and food. We try to help them but its hard when all the people around them are suffering just as bad, if not worse. The richer of the African countries live around lakes and rivers. South Africa being one of the richest countries has its down side too. There is one huge thing thats comes from South Africa and thats PGA Tour golfers. Ernie Els, Retief Goosen, and the most famous one is Gary Player. These are guys who love South Africa and are proud of where they came from. Some of these golfers beat the most famous and number one golfer in the world, Tiger Woods. Gary Player has beaten the best golfer ever in Jack Nicklaus several times. It does not matter where you come from you can do anything you want and always remember where you came from. The home of some of the happiest people with the least to have or give. Africa is a country full of hope, pride, and rich history. This is a country with the poorest people, but they still find a way to look at the positive and enjoy the life they have and what they have been given. Life is to short not to be happy. They have every reason to be down and to give up, but if we look closely at the details we will see that they survive on each other and each other’s pride. We need to see how they are living and try to do it. They know every moment they are given is a blessing not just a another day. Coming closer will teach us about each other and from their we can make the lives around us better. Africa is an important continent that we all need to stop and pay attention to how be autiful it is. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Africa: The Unknown Continent" essay for you Create order

Saturday, May 16, 2020

Ethical And Ethical Ethics Of The International Arena Essay

Conducting ethical business in the United States can be seen as clear cut to us. Although we are a diverse nation, as U.S. citizens, most gain experience in the professional environment where ethics is explained thoroughly enough that one is able to determine what is ethical and what is unethical. When it comes to ethics in the international arena, Thomas Donaldson explained how that structure almost does not exist since ethical culture, practices and the social norm is different in each country. In the article, Donaldson debunked previous theories like cultural relativism and ethical imperialism while coming up with a guideline that can help companies proceed in understanding cultural difference while still being ethical. (Donaldson, 1996, pp. 48-52) As I read through the article, it made me remember past events that had cultural dilemma while helping me find new ways to help my ethical decision making skills. Key lessons from the article was the way Donaldson explained how there wa s no exact way to deal with foreign business practices since they differ in each country. Cultural relativism is defined as â€Å"no culture’s ethics are better than any other’s; therefore, there are no international rights or wrongs.† As cultural relativism lives by the saying â€Å"when in Rome, do as the Romans do† but it proves to be inadequate since rules and regulations differ in each country. The article states that cultural relativism is â€Å"morally blind†. (Donaldson, 1996, pp. 48-52) AnotherShow MoreRelatedThe Challenge of Ethical Behavior823 Words   |  4 PagesThe Challenge of Ethical Behavior in Other Countries The requirements of day-to-day organizational performance are so compelling that there is little time or inclination to divert attention to the moral content of organizational decision-making. Morality appears to be so obscure in nature that it lacks substantive relation to performance. An effective organizational culture should encourage ethical behavior and discourage unethical behavior. Unfortunately, ethical behavior may end up costingRead MoreEssay on Business Ethics1066 Words   |  5 PagesBusiness Ethics The statement has been made that ethics has no place in business and the implications of this statement and its inferring characteristics provide a complex issue in the operation of national and multinational corporations. Because ethical decision making is often not as profitable as choices that do not embrace ethical elements, the perspective has emerged that the nature of an effective business mindset inherently brings about unethical behavior. In order to considerRead MoreShould Selling Tickets At A Higher Price Than The Actual Cost Be Illegal?812 Words   |  4 Pagesselling tickets at a higher price than the actual cost be illegal? In my opinion, just to think that the selling tickets at a higher price than anticipated is considered unethical behavior. In addition, it shows illegal practices in the international business arena. Based on the illegal activity of raising the prices on the tickets is unethical and provides information that there is corruption within the committee. However, we can take into consideration that the sellers of the tickets were not beingRead MoreEthics and Archer Daniels Midland646 Words   |  3 Pagesview that â€Å"to be ethical it is enough for business people to follow the law â€Å"? Human trafficking and child abuse are major problems along the west coast of Africa. Cocoa plantations are so notorious for the use of forced child labor (and forced adult labor) that U.S. Representative Eliot Engel and Senator Tom Harkin created a protocol to end child slavery and initiate labeling for products that are produced â€Å"slave free.† A joint committee was formed and called the International Cocoa InitiativeRead More Cultural Values and Personal Ethics Paper1361 Words   |  6 PagesCultural Values and Personal Ethics Paper Personal, organizational, and cultural values are the basis of an individuals personal and professional decision-making style. These values are the key ingredients that make up our core beliefs. Values are ideas that are actions which could be right or wrong, good or bad that are the basis of human action (Tosi 2000). Personal values might also be called morality, since they reflect general expectations of any person in any society, acting in any capacityRead MoreInternational Business Morality Essay1133 Words   |  5 PagesInternational Business Morality Societys general conception of the fundamental marketplace has dramatically changed within recent years. Throughout most of history, commerce has existed primarily (and, at times, solely) in the domestic realm, only on rare occasions interacting on an international level. However, with major technological advances occurring within the past century (and even more so, during the past decade) concerning both transportation (air travel, better seafaring and largerRead MoreReconciling Ethics in the Global Market1025 Words   |  5 PagesReconciling Ethics in the Global Market Values, morals, and ethics are three interrelated concepts that influence the decisions in our personal lives. Values are usually acquired throughout childhood, based on experiences and influenced by many sources including parents, teachers, media, religious affiliations and many other factors. Morals are developed throughout a person’s life, as he or she acquires personal beliefs of right and wrong, (Walker, 2001). Ethics are standards of conduct that indicateRead MoreHuman Rights And International Relations1572 Words   |  7 PagesDower, N. (2007) ‘Human rights and International relations’, The International Journal of Human Rights, pp.86-111 Whether there is a place for Human rights in the arena of international relation has sparked an interesting debate. Whereas some contend that the arena of international relations and foreign policy is evidently interest-led, some have sort to see an increase in a global agenda that places value on human rights and ethical considerations. Nigel Dower, bringing a philosophical backgroundRead MoreEssay on Codes of Practice1513 Words   |  7 PagesEthics and values apply to our personal and professional lives. Ethics are a notion of one’s actions, which originates from ideology of an individual doing what is right not wrong. According to the dictionary ethics is the â€Å"branch of philosophy dealing with values relating to human conduct, with respect to the rightness and wrongness of certain actions and to the goodness and badness of the motives and ends of such actions.† These beliefs are amassed to help a person determine how their actions willRead MoreEssay on Manager ial Ethics1603 Words   |  7 PagesManagerial Ethics In today’s fast paced business world many managers face tough decisions when walking the thin line between what’s legal and what’s socially unacceptable. It is becoming more and more important for organisations to consider many more factors, especially ethically, other than maximising profits in order to be more competitive or even survive in today’s business arena. The first part of this essay will discuss managerial ethics[1] and the relevant concepts and theories that affect

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Breast Milk Is The Best Nutrition For Infants Essay

Introduction Breast milk is the best nutrition for infants, especially preterm infants by providing exact nutrient for growth and to fight disease (Meier, Engstrom, Patel, Jegier Bruns, 2010). According to Hake-Brooks Anderson (2008), â€Å"Preterm infants who are fed breast-milk have a lower incidence and severity of infection during hospitalization, including necrotizing enterocolitis, diarrhea, and sepsis. They have less retinopathy of prematurity, superior cognitive and motor development and decreased length of hospital stay (p. 151).† Unfortunately, breast-feeding preterm infants poses difficulty among mothers including physical and emotional barriers (Hake-Brooks Anderson, 2008). Nurses have the opportunity to develop a trusting relationship with this population to encourage and facilitate breast-feeding preterm infants by providing continual support and implementing specific interventions (Hake-Brooks Anderson, 2008). Nursing intervention and support can empower mothers to be pe rsistent in overcoming the barriers of breast-feeding to provide preterm infants with optimal nutrition (Ahmed, 2008; Hake-Brooks Anderson, 2008; Maastrup, Bojensen, Kronborg Hallstrom, 2012; Wheeler, 2009; Yildiz Arikan, 2011) Article Summaries In Hake-Brooks and Anderson’s (2008) quantitative study, the researchers conducted a randomized control trial to determine the effects of kangaroo care (KC) on breastfeeding in preterm infants. A sample of 66 mothers and their preterm infantsShow MoreRelatedInfant Nutrition: What is best for your baby - breast milk or formula?1795 Words   |  8 Pagesyour life forever. Though your baby is not here yet, you already know that you want the best for your baby - the best opportunities, the best schools and the best education. Simply, you want your baby to have the best in life. The first and most important decision that you will make for your baby is whether to feed your baby breast milk or formula. Many women today are opting for formula, but what is the best choice? There are advantages and disadvantages to both breastfeeding and formula feedingRead MoreExpository Essay - Breastfeeding1448 Words   |  6 Pagesdecision that will give your child the best start in life is very simple; breastfeeding. Breastfeeding has numerous physical and psychological benefits that it provides an infant. These benefits are often greatly underestimated and under-emphasized. There are many details that go into enforcing the fact that breastfeeding has been proven to be the optimal nutrition for infants, and these details are crucial in encouraging mothers to do what is ultimately the best thing possible for their children. Read MoreEssay on Promote and Support Breastfeeding973 Words   |  4 PagesMain Points According to the American Dietetic Association, â€Å"exclusive breastfeeding provides optimal nutrition and health protection for the first 6 months of life and breastfeeding with complementary foods from 6 months until at least 12 months of age is the ideal feeding pattern for infants.†1 Breastfeeding has many benefits to mother and baby.1 Infant and children mobility and mortality are greatly improved due to the promotion of breastfeeding as an important health strategy.1 The promotionRead MoreFeeding An Infant Is One Of The Best Ways A Parent Or A Care Provider1354 Words   |  6 Pages Feeding an infant is one of the best ways a parent or a care provider can demonstrate affection, nurturing, and security needed to develop early positive experiences that will serve as a template for a young brain to develop and function harmoniously. The first five years of a child’s life are both dynamic and important in healthy brain development. As infants get older, they will learn as fast as they will in their entire life during their earliest days. Infants require a nurturing environmentRead MoreBreastfeeding : The Natural Source Of Nutrition For Babies1175 Words   |  5 PagesAs it is the natural source of nutrition for babies, breast milk is the best food to give a baby. The benefits of breastfeeding extend well beyond basic nutrition. Not only does breast milk contain all the vitamins and nutrients a baby needs in the first six months of life, breast milk is packed with disease-fighting substances that protect the baby from illness. This is just one of the many rea sons exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months is recommended by several medical authorities, althoughRead More Breast Feeding vs Formula Essay1357 Words   |  6 Pages Breast-feeding is nutritionally, emotionally and physically superior for a mother and her child. â€Å"Human breast milk is not standard nor is it interchangeable with cow’s milk. It is a dynamic fluid that changes in composition to meet the needs of the baby as it grows† (â€Å"Giving your Baby... Diet.† par. #10). Breast milk contains growth factors and antibodies which stimulate the growing baby and protect it from illness such as diarrhea, ear infections, rashes, allergies, asthma, skin problems, pneumoniaRead MoreThe Importance and Benefits of Breastfeeding683 Words   |  3 Pagesinherently desires more than just mere adequacy, she wants the best. Often times, a new mother may spend much of the day and night concerned about the well being of her child. One of the greatest areas of this contemplation is the child’s health, an area in which a mother knowingly or unknowingly may be at risk of insufficient education. Thus, one may not know that lifelong health and wellness is greatly affected by one getting proper nutrition during their most vulnerable stage of life, infancy. DuringRead MoreGot Breast Milk? Comparing Breast Milk To Infant Formula.1363 Words   |  6 PagesGot Breast Milk? Comparing Breast Milk to Infant Formula Parents want to make the best choices for their children. At birth, the decision needs to be made on how a baby will receive nourishment. This decision can impact a child for the rest of their lives. Comparing breast milk to infant formula will determine that breast milk is definitely the best choice for babies. Breast milk is better than infant formula because it provides immune-boosting antibodies, has a higher nutritional value, and leadsRead MoreWhat Milk Really Do Our Body908 Words   |  4 PagesWhat Milk really do to our body We lived in myths for centuries long, but what milk really do to our body? However, milk does not do a body good. Even though it is still a part of our meal plan and milk consumption is the biggest part of food chain. When I was in high school, my chemistry teacher, Chuck Schietinger, who is anti-milk, he told us milk contains saturated fats and its pH is between 6.7 and 6.5, so milk is an acid which causes calcium loss. For a worse situation, milk may cause cancerRead MoreA Research Study On Nursing Practice1604 Words   |  7 Pagespatients receive and to provide them with the best possible outcomes. Many nursing practices are implemented into daily care only after research studies have been conducted. The evidence provided from these studies helps the population make informed choices and allows nurses to recommend practices that are most beneficial to the patient. One such debate is still very common and includes new mothers and their decision to breastfeed or formula feed their infant. Many opinions have been thrown around when

The Importance Of Art And Self Expressed And Healing

Art is the Key to Self-Expressing and Healing Any event has an impact on individuals in a good or bad way. Although, if an experience created a crevice in a person’s heart and mental stability, could they still be able to heal from such a moment? Speak, a novel written by Laurie Halse Anderson, tells the story of a freshmen student at Merryweather High School named Melinda Sordino. Before the new school year, Melinda faced a traumatic experience at an end-of-summer party, where she ended up calling the police. As a freshman, she has lost all of her friends, lets her grades go down the drain, and becomes an outcast. Melinda has kept quiet for what happened to her at the party and for that reason, her life has turned a full one-hundred and eighty degrees. Melinda Sordino can never transform into the person she once was before, but with knowledge and aid she receives from her art teacher Mr. Freeman and his class, she is able to grow once again and not live in a never-ending cycle of emotional disturbance. Mr. Freeman and hi s art class play a major role in Melinda’s progress towards self-healing by assigning her the year-long project of developing a tree in which she must self-assess herself and her emotions and giving his moral support and critique. Also, Melinda’s ex-best friend, Ivy, starts to reconnect with her through art and Melinda has begun to incorporate her emotions in the tree artwork that resolutely makes her face what she has been trying to ignore since theShow MoreRelated Art Therapy Essay646 Words   |  3 PagesArt Therapy How does Art Therapy help in maintaining a persons health or helping them get well from a sickness?   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Before finding the answer to this question it is necessary to understand the background, history, and importance of what Art Therapy is. First of all Art Therapy is a form of psychotherapy. In psychotherapy there is an exploration of feelings and concerns in nonverbal and verbal exercises that use simple visual art materials. Art therapy focuses on the creative process forRead MoreHaunted America by Patricia Nelson1324 Words   |  5 Pagesit, we can take consult in the issue of reconciliation as a healing process. When something largely traumatic occurs that encompasses a diversity of individuals a schism results, and either the issue falls deeper into the spindling pit of anger, hatred, and revenge or a healing, reconciliation where a bonding process can begin. First to close the wounds, the disease must be diagnosed and treated; all the misery and greed must be expressed and the incompetence and slaughter recognized before new relationsRead MoreMy Personal Phi losophy Of Nursing1260 Words   |  6 Pages Each person is the product of their own personal growth through learning and experience, resulting in individual and unique cultural, spiritual and developmental dimensions. Nursing is a dynamic, helping, healing and caring process. It employs the unique application of knowledge and skills to improve the quality of life. Nursing is unique in its ability to provide a comprehensive and compassionate view of the health needs of every patient. The professionalRead MoreCommunication in Nursing1699 Words   |  7 PagesThe importance of communication is the essential foundation of nursing practise; it is primarily dependant upon verbal and non-verbal communication. Encompassing both speech and behavioural aspects, efficient delivery and receiving of the nurse-patient messages initiates advantageous relationships, or contrarily, generates significant repercussions if applied ineffectively, thus affecting the quality of the nurse-patient relationship. This essay will discuss how effective verbal and non-verbal communicationRead MoreArt Therapy Essay2790 Words   |  12 PagesWhat Is Art Therapy? Most forms of therapy are centered on verbal communication. Art therapy, however, breaks that mold and introduces a more creative means of both communicating ideas and learning to grow. The American Art Therapy Association defines art therapy as: Art therapy is a mental health profession in which clients, facilitated by the art therapist, use art media, the creative process, and the resulting artwork to explore their feelings, reconcile emotional conflicts, foster self-awarenessRead MoreThe Nurse Is Responsible And Accountable For Individual Nursing Practice1306 Words   |  6 Pagestoo. This process will ensure that we as the facility do not make that mistake again. Patient safety is our number one priority. D. Nursing Theory Dorothea Orem (1971) Self Care Deficit Model is the nursing theory that has influenced my personal professional practice. D1. Theory in Professional Practice Dorothea Orem (1971) Self Care Deficit Model is the nursing theory that has influenced my personal professional practice. I now as a nurse it is my job to help my assist my patients with any deficitsRead MoreThe Impact Of Implementing Art On Everyday Lives1683 Words   |  7 PagesThe Impact of implementing Art in daily lives â€Å"Art is you being free from all of the world’s heaviness†. - Cathy Malchiodi, Ph.D. Many people face problems each and every day of his or her life. Often times in life, many people face overwhelming obstacles in their life that can become out of their control. Art has the ability to make one’s life of everlasting learning, growth, and deliverance. Pioneered in the 1940s, art therapy has been found to express personal concerns, interest, current situationsRead MoreRomanticism : The Age Of Reason1210 Words   |  5 Pagesâ€Å"To say the word Romanticism is to say modern art - that is, intimacy, spirituality, color, aspiration towards the infinite, expressed by every means available to the arts.† – Charles Bauldaire. Romanticism is a type of style of writing in fine arts and literature that focuses on passion imagination and intuition rather than emphasizing on reason and logic. There are no restraints or order in Romanticism; complete spontane ous actions are welcome in this style of writing. Romanticism, or also knownRead MoreInformative Essay About Dance Therapy1515 Words   |  7 Pagesfeel someone existence to feel vitality, joy, and most importantly to feel alive. Anyone can define dancing as whatever they would like, but how is dance useful to our lives? Whether you are a ballerina from birth or if you are newly introduced to the art of dance, everyone can dance some way, shape, or form. Dance therapy provides psychological and physical benefits. It helps connect body and mind as one giving support to become rooted and balanced. In order to be centered and grounded while movingRead MoreRomanticism1649 Words   |  7 Pagespeople. It stressed emphasis on emotions and imagination while also helping to realize the importance of self-expression. The American Romanticism movement illustrated inspiration, bias and predominance of individuals in the nineteenth century. Romanticism has a very small amount to do with events and manners traditionally thought of as romantic, even though love may seldom be the topic of Romantic art. It is rather an international artistic and philosophical movement that redefined the fundamental

Genetics Essay Research Paper Genetic engineering altering free essay sample

Geneticss Essay, Research Paper Familial technology, changing the familial features of an being in a predeterminedway, by presenting into it a piece of the familial stuff of another being. Geneticengineering offers the hope of remedies for many familial diseases, one time the job of lowefficiencies of effectual transportation of familial stuff is overcome. Another development hasbeen the polish of the technique called cloning, which produces big Numberss ofgenetically indistinguishable persons by transfering whole cell nuclei. With other techniquesscientists can insulate subdivisions of DNA stand foring individual cistrons, determine their nucleotidesequences, and reproduce them in the research lab. This offers the possibility of creatingentirely new cistrons with commercially or medically desirable belongingss. While the potentialbenefits of familial technology are considerable, so may be the possible dangers. For illustration, the debut of cancer-causing cistrons into a common infective being, such as theinfluenz a virus, could be risky. We have come to believe that all human existences are equal ; but even more steadfastly, we are taught to believe each one of us is alone. We will write a custom essay sample on Genetics Essay Research Paper Genetic engineering altering or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Is that thought undercutby cloning? That is, if you can intentionally do any figure of transcripts of an person, is eachone particular? How particular can clones experience, cognizing they were replicated like smile buttons. # 8220 ; Wearen # 8217 ; T merely our cistrons, we # 8217 ; re a whole aggregation of our experiences, # 8221 ; says Albert Jonsen. But theidea, he adds, raises a host of issues, # 8220 ; from the antic to the profound. # 8221 ; When anaesthesia wasdiscovered in the nineteenth century, there was a guess that it would rob worlds of thetransforming experience of agony. When three decennaries ago, James Watson and FrancisCrick unraveled the familial codification, popular treatment turned non to the new hope forvanquishing disease but to the ghost of genetically engineer ed races of demigods and worker drones. Subsequently, the reaching of organ grafts set people dwelling about a universe of clankingFrankensteins, welded together made from used parts. Already there are 1000s of frozenembryos sitting in liquid N storage around the state. # 8220 ; Suppose person wanted toadvertise cloned embryos by demoing images of already born kids like a merchandise, # 8221 ; saysProf. Ruth Macklin, of New York # 8217 ; s Albert Einstein College of medical specialty, who specializes cold reproduction. Dividing an embryo mat seem a great technological spring, but in a worldwhere embryos are already created in trial tubings, it # 8217 ; s a baby measure. The current challenge inreproductive medical specialty is non to bring forth more embryos but to place healthy 1s and getthem to turn in the uterus. Using familial trials, physicians can now test embryologic cells forhereditary diseases. In the non to distant hereafter, antenatal trials may besides assist predict suchcommon jobs as fleshiness, d epression and bosom disease. But don # 8217 ; t expect scientists to startbuilding new traits into babes anytime shortly. The technological obstructions are formidable, andso are the cultural 1s. Transcripts of worlds are indistinguishable, but are the people the same? Probablynot. For a century scientists have been seeking to calculate out which factors play the mostimportant function in the development of a human personality. Is it nature or raising, heredity orenvironment? The best information so far has come from the survey of indistinguishable twins rearedapart. Twins Jim Springer and Jim Lewis, separated at birth in 1939, were reunited 39 yearslater in a survey of twins at the University of Minnesota. Both had married and divorced womennamed Linda, married 2nd married womans named Betty and named their oldest boies James Allan andJames Alan. Both drove the same theoretical account of bluish Chevrolet, enjoyed carpentry, vacationedon the same Florida beach, and both had Canis familiariss named Toy.

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Nobody Can Imagine the Life without an Aviation Industry

Question: Nobody Can How Imagine the Life without an Aviation Industry? Answer: Introduction Nobody can imagine the life without an aviation industry because the industry offers huge benefits and fast services for many industries. The airline industry is also creating new global economy thus justifying the significance of the industry in supporting globalization and internationalization objectives for many companies worldwide (Alcacer Clayton, 2014). With this need and expectations, the aircraft manufacturers and suppliers have been exposed to an immense pressure. This has compelled them to increase their innovations, inventions, and investment to meet the expectations of the partners. Emirate Airlines is a leading company in the industry that is based in Dubai. Since its inception in 1985, the airline company has opted for an aggressive business strategy to commercialize its air transport services (Euromonitor, 2014). Based on the case, the company faces various strategic issues that threaten its growth potential and market position. About The Company Overview Emirates Airlines is a Dubai government company founded in 1985. The organization began operations with flights to Karachi, Mumbai, and Delhi. Currently, the airline is the Emirates Groups subsidiary that is headquartered in Dubai (Alcacer Clayton, 2014). Even in the recent recession, the company hardly experienced the economic turmoil because of its indisputable marketing efforts and promotion of Dubai as the leading destination for tourism (Euromonitor, 2014). Since it began the business operations, the Dubai-based airline company has gained competitive advantage and position in the global market. Emirates remains committed to realizing its mission by offering the best quality services to all its customers on its routes (Lovelock, Patterson, Wirtz, 2011). Values Emirates Airline has set its battlefield and has set the best resources to emerging the winner in the airline industry. The company also values the communities and environment that it serves because these stakeholders have played an essential role in defining and shaping its future (Hubbard, Rice, Galvin, 2014). The company remains committed to quality that has made the airline the leading companies in the industry thus rivalling its counterparts in New York and London. Emirates Airline cares about ethics, environment, community, stakeholders, and employees. Mission To exist to deliver the worlds best in-flight experience (Emirates Australia, 2014). Organizational Analysis Principles The Emirates experience focuses on customers and other its stakeholders. In fact, the company understands that the clients value the final output, but the business considers the way these stakeholders are treated, especially during the delivery of services because this significantly influences their value and satisfaction perceptions (Alcacer Clayton, 2014). It stands for comfort, exceptional service, and convenience in defining the experience of customers. The company also stands for a high-quality service delivery through innovative strategies as explained by The Emirates Group (2014) Strategy Since its inception, the airline is tipped for significant growth in the market. It has become among the leading airline companies in the world (Emirates Australia, 2014). Based on the case study, the organization has been operating through three leading strategies including differentiation strategy, focus strategy, and cost leadership strategy (McDonald, DeChernatony, Harris, 2011). For this company to remain relevant to the cost leadership strategy, it has made the workforce comparable to other low-budget airlines thus helping it minimize the costs thus increase its profits and revenues (Alcacer Clayton, 2014). The company further passes the benefits to the passengers through low-cost flights thus affirming the customer loyalty. Differentiation strategy has also seen the airline diversify its operations and services to meet the expectations of customers as discussed by McDonald et al. (2011). Finally, the focus strategy has allowed the group to operate an Emirates Executive that focuses on the corporate and private charters (Emirates Australia, 2014). It has even introduced an Airbus A319 jet that has the smallest capacity. This special plane has a private dining area, lounges, suites, showers, and bathrooms. To serve different market segments, the company has divided its classes into three including the economy class, business class, and first class (Alcacer Clayton, 2014). Performance Financial Performance Despite a challenging environment, the company posted an improved profitability in 2016. In the financial year 2015/2016, it reported $1.9 billion in net profit that reflected a 56 percent increase from the previous financial year (Kerr, 2016). However, it recorded a drop in revenue by four percent due to strengthening of the dollar. The companys profitability improved because of its continued efforts to increase its performance and innovation. The return on assets ratio stood at 1.56 in 2016 and the return on equity was 12.71 percent (Moningstar, 2017). These values indicate that the companys future is bright because it can overcome the competitive pressures to beat its competitors. Market Share Emirates Airline is an incomparable to other players in the region. It has become the largest carrier in the region can outwit it. According to Critchlow (2015), the UAE government has made the company a real player in the aviation industry, especially regarding the international passages. Based on profitability, the company has made $517 million of profit thus affirming its ability to generate enough money that none of its rivals can generate (Critchlow, 2015). Relating to the international passenger traffic, Emirates has beaten other players. References Alcacer, J. Clayton, J. (2014, Jan 29). Emirates Airline: Connecting the Unconnected. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School. Critchlow, A. (2015, Mar 21) Gulf Airlines are winning the Battle for the Skies. The Telegraph. Retrieved 7 May 2017. https://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/newsbysector/transport/11487567/Gulf-airlines-are-winning-the-battle-for-the-skies.html Emirates Australia. (2014). The Emirates Experience. Retrieved 1 May 2017, from https://www.emirates.com/au/english/flying/index.aspx Euromonitor. (2014). Emirates Airlines in Travel and Tourism. Retrieved 30 April 2017, from https://www.euromonitor.com/emirates-airlines-in-travel-and-tourism/report Hubbard, G., Rice, J., Galvin, P. (2014). Strategic Management. Sydney: Pearson Australia. Kerr, S. (2016, May 10). Emirates Airline Reports Record Annual Profit. Finacial Times. https://www.ft.com/content/b2c45cd2-16ba-11e6-9d98-00386a18e39d Lovelock, C.H, Patterson, P.G., Wirtz, J. (2011). Service Marketing, 5th Ed. Frenchs Forest: Pearson Australia. McDonald, M., DeChernatony, L., Harris, F. (2011). Corporate Marketing and Service Brands. European Journal of Marketing, 35(3/4), 335-352. Morningstar. (2017). Emirates NBD PJSC. Retrieved 7 May 2017, from https://financials.morningstar.com/ratios/r.html?t=EMIRATESNBD The Emirates Group. (2014). Our Brands. Retrieved 1 May 2017, from https://www.theemiratesgroup.com/english/our-brands/our-brands.aspx